The State as an Artificial Person by Hobbes

Baptista, Ligia Pavan (2002) The State as an Artificial Person by Hobbes. In: UNSPECIFIED Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, pp. 20-21.


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The British Civil War (1642-1651) as well as its former conflicts, were the background not only of Hobbes´s political trilogy The Elements of Law (1650), De Cive (1642) and Leviathan, (1651) but also of his work Behemoth (1668) specially dedicated to these happenings from a historical rather than a philosophical point of view. Expressing his feeling in a shocking way, from the point of view of a disappointed citizen, the author stresses that if someone could have a sight of England between the years 1640 and 1660, he could not have found another period in history where violence and brutality where worse than that. In his own evaluation, the historical scenario could not have been worse than the one he testifies. As an attempt to restore the former State´s order, broke up by the public disorders just before the British Civil War, the author turns his mind to the study of the causes of conflicts and wars between men and the necessary ways to avoid them. Under the pression of the historical circumstances he leaves behind his surveys in the field of natural philosophy that in his own evaluation brings nothing else than a private pleasure of mind and any kind of improvement towards humankind"s welfare.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leviathan; Hobbes Th.
Subjects: Philosophie > Philosophische Disziplinen > Epistemologie, Wissenschaftstheorie, Naturphilosophie
Philosophie > Philosophische Journale, Kongresse, Vereinigungen > Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg, Pre-Proceedings > Kirchberg 2002
Depositing User: Stefan Köstenbauer
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2011 18:51

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