The Rationality of Faith

Ledwig, Marion The Rationality of Faith. In: Pre-Proceedings of the 26th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, Kirchberg am Wechsel, pp. 199-201.

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Abstract

According to Franklin (1998, 109) Pascal"s (1952) wager and Leibniz"s theory that this is the best of all possible worlds are latecomers in the Faith-and-Reason tradition. Yet they have remained interlopers; for they have never been taken as seriously as the older arguments for the existence of God and other themes related to faith and reason. Yet Pascal"s wager is of interest for historians of probability and decision theorists for its first instance of explicitly decision theoretic reasoning in print and its invocation of infinite utility. Moreover, it is of interest for psychologists for its discussion of voluntarism and for philosophers of religion and theologians as a putative proof that belief in God is an obligation of rationality (Hajek 2000, 1). Furthermore, as decision theory and the mathematics of infinities are flourishing and have advanced rapidly over the last couple of years (McClennen 1994, 115; Sobel 1996, 23; Vallentyne 2000) and as belief in God has grown over the last terrorist attacks and religions have multiplied over the last decades - just look at the new world religion of the Bahai"s -, it might be worthwhile to look at Pascal"s wager to get a new evaluation of the situation.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pascals wager; The best of all possible worlds; Probabilities
Subjects: Philosophie > Philosophische Disziplinen > Religionsphilosophie, Religionskritik
Philosophie > Philosophische Journale, Kongresse, Vereinigungen > Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg, Pre-Proceedings > Kirchberg 2003
Depositing User: Stefan Köstenbauer
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2008 10:07
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2011 18:52
URI: http://sammelpunkt.philo.at/id/eprint/1647

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