Group Knowledge

Tuomela, Raimo (2003) Group Knowledge. In: Pre-Proceedings of the 26th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, Kirchberg am Wechsel, pp. 345-347.

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Abstract

There is knowledge in groups or communities, e.g. in the scientific community, that such and such is the case, and that in some cases groups as groups know; and in all these cases there must be or have been actual knowers. Accordingly, there is knowledge available in social groups, and this knowledge can be "picked up� and had by individual members as knowledge. My main concern in this paper is to give an account of group beliefs and knowledge in the sense that the group members as a group believe or know something. A central case here is normatively binding group belief and knowledge. In such a case the group is obligated to reason and act on the truth of the content of the belief in question. I will assume that a group cannot know unless its members or at least some of them know the item in question. The general ground for this assumption is that group properties supervene on their members' relevant properties (see Tuomela 1995 Chapter 6, for a discussion). A group's normatively binding belief concerning a topic will accordingly depend on its members, beliefs, indeed we-mode "acceptance� beliefs, about the topic and on their relevant "interconnections" concerning it. We-mode acceptance belief centrally involves the idea of functioning fully as a group member (see Tuomela 2002a, 2003a for the we-mode). A member"s private or I-mode beliefs may differ from his relevant we-mode beliefs.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: group knowledge; group reason; group belief; Searl, J.
Subjects: Philosophie > Philosophische Disziplinen > Epistemologie, Wissenschaftstheorie, Naturphilosophie
Philosophie > Philosophische Journale, Kongresse, Vereinigungen > Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg, Pre-Proceedings > Kirchberg 2003
Depositing User: Stefan Köstenbauer
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2008 07:26
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2011 18:52
URI: http://sammelpunkt.philo.at/id/eprint/1752

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