On our Knowledge of Markets for Knowledge ― A Survey

Clemenz, Gerhard (2008) On our Knowledge of Markets for Knowledge ― A Survey. In: Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Information. Proceedings of the 30th International Ludwig Wittgenstein-Symposium in Kirchberg, 2007. Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt, pp. 167-184.

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At the Lisbon Summit 2000 the EU set herself the goal of transforming the European Union by 2010 into “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”. I take this statement as a starting point for this paper for two reasons: On the one hand it acknowledges the crucial role of knowledge in an advanced economy. On the other hand, it raises the question what needs to be done in order to achieve this ambitious goal. In particular, since the EU is also committed to a market economy and the maintenance of competition the question arises how well markets function with respect to the creation and distribution of knowledge, and what measures may be required, either to support the market mechanism or to replace it by some other institutions. This article deals with the ?rst question and offers a survey of the problems encountered in markets dealing with knowledge. In the next section I discuss briefly the role of knowledge and information in economics. After that I point out a few difficulties with finding a precise and generally accepted definition of knowledge. Section 4 is the core of the article and discusses various types of market failures which might occur when the commodity produced and traded is knowledge. I conclude with a few suggestions for further research.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Philosophie > Philosophische Disziplinen > Medienphilosophie, Theorie der Virtualität, Cyberphilosophie
Depositing User: Sissi Kemp
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2011 16:22
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2011 18:53
URI: http://sammelpunkt.philo.at/id/eprint/2018

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