Global Justice: Problems of a Cosmopolitan Account

Pauer-Studer, Herlinde (2009) Global Justice: Problems of a Cosmopolitan Account. In: Justice, Legitimacy, and Public International Law. Cambdrige University Press, Cambrdige, pp. 207-231.

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Abstract

In this paper I take a closer look at the controversy between cosmopolitans and the advocates of a political conception of justice. I will defend a political conception of justice, though I suggest some revisions. A cosmopolitan approach is often connected with monism, i.e., the claim that the same sort of normative principles should apply to institutions and to individual choices. A political conception of justice presupposes dualism, namely a separation between the principles of justice guiding the design of institutions and the moral principles applying to individual  choices.  In  section  2  of  the  paper  I discuss  Thomas  Pogge’s  cosmopolitan  position  and try to show that Pogge shifts from a dualistic account of justice to a monistic account when it comes to the  problem  of  world  poverty;;  therefore  Pogge’s  treatment  of  world  poverty  is vulnerable to the objections which he himself raised against monism. Moreover, in section 3,  I argue  that  Pogge’s  exclusive  focus  on negative duties is  implausible  and  creates  excessively heavy burdens on the side of better-off individuals. In section 4 I argue that there is no need to consider the nation-state as a hindrance to the realization of a more global justice. I end with some suggestions as to how a political conception of justice can be modified to meet some of the criticisms cosmopolitans have rightly raised.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Philosophie > Philosophische Disziplinen > Gesellschaftsphilosophie, politische Philosophie, Rechtsphilosophi
Philosophie > Philosophische Institutionen > Institut für Philosophie, Wien
Depositing User: Sissi Kemp
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 15:03
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 15:03
URI: http://sammelpunkt.philo.at/id/eprint/2485

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