A two-way process? A qualitative and quantitative investigation of majority members’ acculturation

Haugen, I. and Kunst, J. R. A two-way process? A qualitative and quantitative investigation of majority members’ acculturation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations.

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Acculturation refers to changes that result from intercultural contact. Although it is commonly
defined as a two-way process with changes occurring among both minority members and majority
members, surprisingly little research has focused on the acculturation of majority members.
Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative data, the present study attempted to fill this
gap by exploring how and how much majority members change because of exposure to immigrant
cultures. In the first part, using an open-response format, majority members reported
positive as well as negative cultural change across a broad range of life domains. Most changes
were reported in the private as compared to public sphere, and in terms of behaviours rather than
values. Second, based on their responses to quantitative acculturation scales, the majority-group
participants could meaningfully be clustered into three acculturation strategies commonly used
to describe minority-group members’ acculturation, namely a separation, integration and undifferentiated
acculturation cluster. No evidence for an assimilation cluster was found. Separated
majority members (i.e., who maintain their majority culture but do not adopt immigrant cultures)
reported significantly more identity threat and perceived ethnic discrimination, but also
higher self-esteem. Interestingly, integrated majority members (i.e., who both maintain their
majority culture and adopt immigrant cultures) were three times less likely to live in multi-ethnic
neighbourhoods as compared to separated participants. The results of this study offer important
insights into majority members’ acculturation experiences and their psychological importance.
Implications for culturally plural societies and future research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Kulturwissenschaften, cultural studies
Depositing User: Users 4466 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2020 16:22
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2020 16:22
URI: http://sammelpunkt.philo.at/id/eprint/3776

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